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Internal Medicine

Internal Medicine

Internal Medicine, also known as Internal Medicine, is a branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting various organ systems. Scientific advancements allow for the early detection of diseases that may occur in the body. Through certain diagnostic tests and imaging techniques, it is possible to identify the nature of these diseases and determine the appropriate treatment methods. Common diseases encountered in daily life, such as diabetes and hypertension, are often studied in this field. Additionally, infectious diseases, blood disorders, immune system disorders, liver diseases, and respiratory diseases are also investigated within the realm of Internal Medicine.

Subspecialties of Internal Medicine:

Within the Internal Medicine department, there are specialized branches that focus on specific diseases. These branches are responsible for diagnosing and developing treatment methods directly related to the respective diseases. The subspecialties of Internal Medicine include:

  1. Immunology deals with conditions where the body exhibits allergic reactions and involves the study of the immune system. This branch addresses allergens affecting the immune system, such as drug allergies, food allergies to items like tomatoes and strawberries, as well as diseases like asthma and allergic rhinitis.

  2. Endocrinology is concerned with the endocrine system, which comprises internal glands responsible for producing and secreting hormones. This subspecialty examines significant diseases such as diabetes (commonly known as sugar disease), thyroid disorders, growth disorders, and infertility.

  3. Hematology focuses on studying all diseases related to the blood. Examples of these diseases include leukemia, thalassemia, various types of anemia like iron-deficiency anemia, blood disorders like hemophilia, and myelofibrosis.

  4. Gastroenterology is dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the digestive system. This branch investigates diseases occurring in organs such as the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.

  5. Nephrology is a subspecialty dealing with kidney-related disorders. It involves the examination and treatment of conditions like hypertension, kidney failures, and abnormalities in urine.

  6. Rheumatology is a subspecialty focusing on rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases within internal medicine. It deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and joint rheumatism.

  7. Oncology examines situations where cells in the body undergo excessive and uncontrolled growth, known as cancer. This field includes the study of causes, diagnosis, and treatment of various cancer types.

  8. Geriatrics is a branch that deals with individuals aged 65 and above and their associated diseases. It addresses conditions commonly seen in elderly individuals, such as hypertension and certain heart rhythm disorders.

Diagnosed and Treated Diseases:

  • Diabetes (Sugar) Treatment and Control
  • Hypertension
  • Thyroiditis-Goitre
  • Chest Diseases
  • Anemia
  • Osteoporosis
  • Kidney Diseases
  • Vitamin Deficiencies
  • Iron and Mineral Deficiencies
  • Urinary System Diseases


The Internal Medicine Department at Tekden Hospital provides a wide range of diagnostic, treatment, and follow-up services with expert internal medicine doctors and an experienced healthcare team.

Diseases Diagnosed and Treated, and Services Provided in Our Department:

General Health Checkups:

  • Routine health examinations and blood tests.
  • Creating personalized health plans.

Management of Chronic Diseases:

  • Monitoring chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and cholesterol.
  • Medication management and counseling on lifestyle changes.

Infectious Diseases:

  • Diagnosis and treatment of bacterial, viral, and fungal infections.
  • Advanced diagnostic tests and antibiotic treatments.

Gastroenterology and Hepatology:

  • Diagnosis and treatment of digestive system diseases.
  • Care for liver diseases and biliary tract problems.

Endocrine System Diseases:

  • Treatment of endocrine diseases such as thyroid, adrenal glands, and pancreas disorders.
  • Evaluation of hormonal imbalances.

Other Internal Medicine Services:

  • Diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases.
  • Follow-up of patients requiring dialysis.
  • Diagnosis and treatment of respiratory system diseases.
  • Management of lung conditions like asthma and COPD.
  • Diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders.
  • Diagnosis of conditions such as anemia, leukemia, and lymphoma.

The Internal Medicine Department at Tekden Hospital collaborates with its expert team to maintain patients' overall health and create effective treatment plans for various diseases. It adopts an individualized, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary approach to meet individual needs.

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